Alternative Uses of Spotted Smartweed Also, preparations have pochechuynogo Highlander diuretic, anti-inflammatory and laxative effect, increase the function of the heart, blood vessels constrict, it does not have a significant effect on blood pressure. The following specific use information is based on published papers and reports by researchers and land managers. donations to help keep this site free and up to date for Quite often, the plant forms a mixture or pure thickets with many other hygrophilous plants. the state. a sighting. Aquatic plant photographs were provided by David Bayne, Jim Davis, Kelly Duffie, Billy Higginbotham, Michael Masser, John Clayton, Chetta Owens, Diane Smith, Joe Snow, Don Steinbach, Bridget Robinson Lassiter and Peter Woods. Most often found on the shores of lakes, rivers, drainage canals, orchards, vegetable gardens and alder thickets of weeds, as well as in wet meadows. All images and text © Polygonum persicaria var. The fruits of Polygonum shiny black, covered with filmy perianth, has the form of triangular or Die has broadly shape. Gray Propagated plant seeds. Also known as Persicaria maculosa, the flowers attracts Halictid bees, wasps, and Syrphid flies. Redshank looks a lot like pale persicaria (P. lapathifolia), whose flowers are often greenish, or less commonly reddish. County documented: documented Your help is appreciated. It is found throughout the United States (USDA Plants Database, 2020). CT, MA, ME, Exotic bamboo Pseudosasa japonica (Sieb. (intentionally or populations both exist in a county, only native status VT. Fields, roadsides, waste areas, gardens, shorelines, ditches, yards. & Zucc. Found throughout North America, these native annuals produce thousands of hard-coated seeds. S.F. Directions for use may vary between brands; see label before use. Identification: A summer annual weed of horticultural, agronomic, and nursery crops that may reach 3 1/2 feet in height. Like its close relation persicaria lapathifolia, it is used to check internal and external bleeding, diarrhea and various urinary disorders including pain from kidney stones. And the land part, and roots, and the roots are often used to impart a yellow color fabrics. E. lady’s-thumb smartweed. For details, please check with your state. you. Plant of the Month for November Persicaria maculosa, the spotted lady’s thumb. Infusions and decoctions are used to treat bleeding hemorrhoids, and they are effective in the treatment of sexually transmitted diseases and colds, diarrhea. in 20 years). is shown on the map. P. vulgaris Webb & Moq. It has many more applications as well. Leaves. My aunt [Miss Jessie M. Evans (1880-1967) who lived most of her life farming in the parish of Chirbury in S.W. ; The name is directly linked with the old name of hemorrhoids, which sounded like "pochechuy.". Non-native: introduced inval. An infusion has been used as a treatment for gravel and stomach pains. in part by the National Science Foundation. evidence (herbarium specimen, photograph). angustifolium . This erect summer annual flowers from July to October. Can you please help us? Anthropogenic (man-made or disturbed habitats), meadows and fields, shores of rivers or lakes, Occurs in wetlands or non-wetlands. Herbicides are listed by mode of action and then alphabetically. Fresh Persicaria maculosa can be used for the treatment of sciatica, gout and headaches, as well as for wound healing as a mustard plaster. Seedlings: Cotyledons are elliptic to lanceolate in outline, whit hairs along the margins. Seed - raw or cooked. It is similar to and can be difficult to distinguish from the native Nodding Smartweed (Persicaria lapathifolia) and more so the non-native Lady's Thumb (Persicaria maculosa), both of which share the same general habitats and a number of overlapping characteristics. The Go Botany project is supported The stems are usually light green, round, and glabrous or slightly pubescent. My groundcover is a mixture of persicaria maculosa threaded through violets with a few punctuations of spiderwort, pokeweed, persicaria odorata and morning glory up the fences. Persicaria maculosa Knotweed family (Polygonaceae) Description: This plant is a summer annual that is ½â€“2' tall and more or less erect, although individual plants may sprawl. The alternate … This material is based upon work supported by the National Science Foundation under Grant Number 1802129. P. persicaria L. • Note: when native and non-native Pre-emergent herbicides, especially with the chemical … Highlander Infusions are used to treat kidney stones and other various diseases of the kidneys. Persicaria maculosa (Polygonaceae) has been used as edible and as medicinal plant since ancient times. We depend on Persicaria maculosa Gray is an accepted name This name is the accepted name of a species in the genus Persicaria (family Polygonaceae ). Brit. those considered historical (not seen in 20 years). FAC). Take three times a day for 1 st. l. The broth is made from 1 tbsp. Copyright: various copyright holders. Grass Highlander pochechuynogo used for medicinal purposes only with proper procurement, which must be carried out during the flowering period of the plant. Any opinions, findings, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily … Posted by ILPARW (southeast Pennsylvania - Zone 6b) on Oct 9, 2020 8:32 AM. This all indicates widespread variation in the species. The Indians also cooked the leaves of the trio and ate of them sparingly. Under the conditions of slow drying herb Polygonum pochechuynogo may turn black. Exact status definitions can vary from state to As in this example, there are usually dark blotches, often shaped rather like arrowheads, on the leaves of this annual plant. As a medicinal plant used in Bulgaria, Poland, India and a number of other countries. image, please click it to see who you will need to contact. It is considered a diuretic and has been used to stop intestinal and uterine bleeding, hasten menstruation and to treat hemorrhoids. Persicaria longiseta: summit of sheathing stipule fringed with hairs mostly 1-4 mm long and leaf blades without dark blotches or marks on the upper surface (vs. P. maculosa, with the summit of sheathing stipule fringed with hairs mostly 0.2-2 mm long and leaf blades with a dark blotch or crescent-shaped mark on the upper surface). post Makino jetbead Rubus phoenicolasius Maxim. Raw dried in the shade outdoors, but drying is best carried on special kilns with artificial heating, without having to set the temperature above 40-50 0 FROM. Fresh Persicaria maculosa can be used for the treatment of sciatica, gout and headaches, as well as for wound healing as a mustard plaster. Boil need about 15 minutes, and then another to insist 2 hours, then it is necessary to filter the broth. All Characteristics, there are five petals, sepals, or tepals in the flower, there are four petals, sepals, or tepals in the flower, the anthers show no hint of a pink, reddish or purplish tint, there is a noticeable pink, reddish or purplish tint to the anthers, the petal tip is obtuse (bluntly pointed), the sepal tip is obtuse (is bluntly pointed), the fruit is about the same length as its associated sepals, the fruit is longer than its associated sepals, the fruit is shorter than its associated sepals, the leaf blades do not have glandular dots or scales, the leaf blades have glandular dots or scales, the underside of the leaf is fuzzy or hairy, the underside of the leaf is not hairy, or it has very few hairs, the upper side of the leaf is fuzzy or hairy, the upper side of the leaf is not hairy, or it has very few hairs, the leaf has a distinct leaf stalk (petiole), the leaf blade is lanceolate (lance-shaped; widest below the middle and tapering at both ends), the leaf blade is ovate (widest below the middle and broadly tapering at both ends), the leaves have no leaf stalks, but attach directly to the stem, the petiole attaches at the basal margin of the leaf blade, the tip of the leaf blade is acuminate (tapers to a long, thin point), the tip of the leaf blade is acute (sharply pointed), the stipules are hairy with hairs standing out at a 45 to 90 degree angle, or pressed to the stipule surface, the stipules are straight (or somewhat slanted) across the top, the stipules have a fringe of cilia along the top edge, the hairs on the stem are plain, without glands or branches, and not tangled, the stems trail at the base, but may turn upwards at the tips. Other trade names may be available, and other compounds also are labeled for this weed. Persicaria longiseta (de Bruijn) Moldenke (=Polygonum caespitosum Blume) Oriental ladies-thumb Persicaria maculosa S.F. Alt Name. The stems are sometimes, but far from always, flushed with red - hence the common name. Go Botany: Native Plant Trust Thank you. You may use these photos, so long as you give credit to AquaPlant. to exist in the county by Sometimes this plant belongs to the group of poisonous. Smartweed (Polygonum pensylvanicum) and closely related lady's thumb (P. persicaria) are a shade gardener's worst nightmare, because they grow best in moist partial shade. Polygonum dubium . A decoction of the plant has been used as a foot and leg soak in the treatment of rheumatism. Persicaria vulgaris . It can grow up to 3 1/2 feet in height with numerous branches. Oriental Lady's-thumb, sometimes known as Polygonum caespitosum var. NH, In folk medicine prescribers as an additional remedy for tumors of various etiologies. Also covers Persicaria persicaria (L.) Small; All rights reserved. Spotted Lady's Thumb (Persicaria maculosa) Posted by keithp2012. The stem and leaves of Persicaria maculosa are used as diaphoretic, dampness-dispelling drug and an aid for digestion in traditional Chinese medicine (CTM) and widely adopted in treating different diseases and health problems, such as arthritis and common cold. After this infusion should drain and squeeze out the remaining raw materials. Take a photo and Cut only the upper part of the grass, the surface of the soil they are located at a distance of 15-25 cm. The flowers of a plant are relatively small, white or pink, with a large spike-end cylindrical brush. Here are some helpful videos with more information on Persicaria maculosa: Edible & Medicinal Lady’s Thumb Lady’s Thumb - LuminEarth As we are talking about persicarias, in the link below you will find some information on culinary uses of persicaria odorata, which looks pretty similar to Lady's Thumb, but it tastes much better: to exist in the state, but not documented to a county within Edible Uses: Leaves and young shoots - raw or cooked [55, 62, 105, 183]. Show … Species; Additional images; Click here to support NatureSpot by making a donation - small or large - your gift is very much appreciated. To strengthen the gums in scurvy, or wash the wound, it is necessary to apply them topically as a rinse. Pl. l. raw poured boiling water (300 ml). Also covers those considered historical (not seen (Wetland indicator code: At first, I thought all the weedy smartweed mass in my vegetable garden was the Lady's-thumb Smartweed from Europe, which is very common in eastern North America. My back yard is in Philadelphia is a battleground of lovely invasives (my neighbors mostly have concrete yards). It should leave about 2-3 plants every 2-3 sq.m. Various drugs Highlander can be used in combination therapy for the treatment of patients suffering from atonic constipation. Persicaria maculosa is an annual plant growing up to 80cm, with lanceolate, wide in the middle, dark-spotted, green leaves and small, pink or white flowers in vertical, dense inflorescences. 2. … Persicaria maculosa enjoys the same habitat as Persicaria lapathifolia. The resulting infusion is necessary to bring up to 200 ml with boiled water. Lady's-thumb smartweed is an annual weed of wet disturbed areas. The flowering and the harvesting take place from July to November and the fruiting happens from August to October. Polygonum persicaria [syn. P. hydropiperoides has tannins, rutin (3% in leaves) quercitin, kaempferol and some protein. ex Steud.) Also Persicaria maculosa, more precisely, its seeds are poisonous, so you can not give this herb farm animals. A decoction of the plant, mixed with flour, has been used as a poultice to help relieve pain. Many Polygonum species, including P. persicaria, are now placed by a number of authorities in the genus Persicaria, hence Stace (1991) uses the synonym Persicaria maculosa and Grierson and Long (1983) use Persicaria dolichopoda. To reuse an The leaves of grass are linear-lanceolate shape, and the base they are wedge-narrowed. unintentionally); has become naturalized. Found this plant? It typically forms a spreading foliage mound 2-3 feet tall and as wide or wider. Taste bitter plants, and there is no smell at all. 2020 Funding Agency. Arr. diarrhoeah and infectious diseases, and the leaves and young shoots can be eaten in salads. Herbal extracts pochechuynogo Highlander effective in uterine bleeding. Polygonum agreste Fr., 1839 Polygonum benearnense Gand., 1882 Polygonum dubium Stein Polygonum lapathifolium subsp. 10. Redshank - Persicaria maculosa. They contain about 1.9% fat, 5.4% pectin, 3.2% sugars, 27.6% cellulose, 1% tannin. Common usage includes the flowering stems as a soothing astringent tea for stomach pain. Tiny, white to greenish-white, beady, jumpseed-like flowers on long, slender, wand-like stems appear in mid to late summer, but are not particularly showy. In 1821 Asa Gray renamed the plant Persicaria maculosa, but some botanists (Stanley Welsh of A Utah Flora, for example) still use the Polygonum genus name. Gray (=Polygonum persicaria L.) Lady’s-thumb Phyllostachys spp. Grass pochechuynogo Highlander is available in 100-gram packs, and it must be stored in a dry and cool place. Persicaria maculosa: summit of sheathing stipule fringed with hairs mostly 0.2-2 mm long and leaf blades with a dark blotch or crescent-shaped mark on the upper surface (vs. P. longiseta, with summit of sheathing stipule fringed with hairs mostly 1-4 mm long and leaf blades without dark blotches or marks on the upper surface). Maximum height - 110 cm, the plant has a taproot, and stem from him - a single, branched, erect or ascending. Persicaria maculosa . Persicaria maculosa Gray, Spotted Lady’s thumb. P. persicaria seems relatively quick to develop resistance to herbicides – most resources discourage use of chemical control or encourage rotation of herbicides with differing modes of action (Plantwise 2013). Persicaria ruderalis . state. Persicaria virginiana is a vigorous perennial native to Missouri. Infusion Highlander pochechuynogo prepared from 20 g of raw material, which is placed in an enamel bowl and pour boiling water (200 ml). Native Plant Trust or respective copyright holders. The medicine is used only the upper part of the plant, which is recommended for the treatment of chronic constipation. This herb grows statewide and can be observed from late summer and up to the first frost of the year. The leaves are astringent, diuretic, rubefacient and vermifuge. First true leaves are alternate, lanceolate in outline, and hairy on the upper surfaces. Persicaria maculosa var. It's quite lovely and virtually maintenance free. The Cherokee used the crushed leaves to treat rash caused by poison ivy. Various drugs Highlander can be used in combination therapy for the treatment of patients suffering from atonic constipation. Polygonum dubium Stein; The record derives from WCSP (in review) (data supplied on 2012-03-23 ) which reports it as an accepted name with original publication details: Nat. Persicaria maculosa Persicaria maculosa - is an annual plant belonging to the family Polygonaceae. Persicaria maculosa]. argentea Gray Persicaria mitis Delarbre, 1800 Persicaria vulgaris Samp. Short to medium, erect to sprawling, hairless, branched plant. Quite often on top of the leaves have a reddish stain. longisetum, most closely resembles Lady's-thumb (Persicaria maculosa), which does not have the long bristles in the flower cluster, a trait only P. longiseta has. Infusions and decoctions are good mountaineer expressed hemostatic properties, which are manifested in increased clotting and blood viscosity, and significantly increase the contractility of the smooth muscle in organs. State documented: documented Native Americans used the leaves in treatments of stomach pains and poison ivy. Since the plant has a strong enough krovesvertyvayuschim action, it is not recommended for patients with thrombophlebitis. Discover thousands of New England plants. The perianth (the corolla of infertile structures around the reproductive parts) of each tiny pink flower consists of four or five petal-like lobes that are fu… Gray: PEMA24: Persicaria maculosa Gray: PEPE18: Persicaria persicaria (L.) Small, nom. Grass Highlander pochechuynogo blooms all summer (June-August), and its fruits ripen from mid-summer to mid autumn (July-October). Habit. In 1753 Linnaeus named this plant Polygonum persicaria. In addition, the herb Polygonum pochechuynogo can be cultivated as a commercial crop. Symbol Scientific Name; PEMA17: Persicaria maculata (Raf.) They also rubbed the plant on their horses as an insect repellant. Makino ex Nakai Arrow bamboo Rhodotypos scandens (Thunb.) Thereafter, the dishes covered with a lid, and the infusion was heated in a boiling water bath for 15 minutes and then cooled for 45 minutes at room temperature. RI, The plant is melliferous, vitaminonosnym, decorative and aromatic. Raw materials are fit for 2 years. Growing in tightly-packed elongated ellipsoidal groups, the tiny flowers of Persicaria maculosaare pale pink, but while in bud they are a much deeper pink. They are used with permission. It is widely used in the surface portion of liquor or wine industry. Shropshire] knew this plant as the Virgin Mary’s thumb-mark, and a relative living in the Shropshire parish of Pontesbury near to used the same name [Bristol, January 1999]. More Galen, Hippocrates and Dioscorides mention in his writings about the medicinal properties pochechuynogo mountaineer. Redshank has been used as a medicinal herb to treat e.g. Persicaria maculosa grows in Central Asia and the European part of the CIS, in the south of the Far East and Siberia, as well as in the Caucasus, in Russia grows throughout, except for the northern strip. Persicaria Description. Broad, oval, medium green leaves. Take every day for 0, 5 cup 3 times a day. all its thickets. 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[ 55 persicaria maculosa uses 62, 105, 183 ] of the grass, the of... England plants 1.9 % fat, 5.4 % pectin, 3.2 % sugars, 27.6 % cellulose, 1 tannin! Supported by the National Science Foundation and nursery crops that may reach 3 1/2 feet in height numerous..., and the harvesting take place from July to October less commonly.... De Bruijn ) Moldenke ( =Polygonum caespitosum Blume ) Oriental ladies-thumb Persicaria S.F... About 15 minutes, and the roots are often greenish, or wash the wound, it is to. Persicaria maculosa - is an accepted name this name is directly linked with the old name of hemorrhoids which! Family Polygonaceae ), the plant is melliferous, vitaminonosnym, decorative and aromatic pure thickets with many hygrophilous. Looks a lot like pale Persicaria ( L. ) Lady’s-thumb Phyllostachys spp as Persicaria lapathifolia Gray ( =Polygonum Persicaria ). Database, 2020 8:32 AM conditions of slow drying herb Polygonum pochechuynogo can be cultivated as a commercial crop at. 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Treatment for gravel and stomach pains of triangular or Die has broadly shape are often greenish, or less reddish... Diuretic and has been used as a poultice to help relieve pain 2020 ) Occurs in wetlands non-wetlands... Herb to treat e.g bitter plants, and other compounds also are labeled for this weed and ivy. Used to stop intestinal and uterine bleeding, hasten menstruation and to treat e.g L. raw poured water! Database, 2020 ) since the plant or slightly pubescent shores of rivers or lakes, Occurs in wetlands non-wetlands... Oriental ladies-thumb Persicaria maculosa enjoys the same habitat as Persicaria maculosa ) Posted by ILPARW southeast. Combination therapy for the treatment of patients suffering from atonic constipation light green, round and! 1839 Polygonum benearnense Gand., 1882 Polygonum dubium Stein Polygonum lapathifolium subsp grows statewide and can be as..., with a large spike-end cylindrical brush but far from always, with... Photos, so long as you give credit to AquaPlant 3 times a day for 1 L.! Are wedge-narrowed less commonly reddish de Bruijn ) Moldenke ( =Polygonum caespitosum Blume Oriental...